Women and ETA

The gender politics of radical Basque nationalism

By Carrie Hamilton

Women and ETA


  • eBook

Book Information

  • Format: Paperback
  • ISBN: 978-0-7190-8906-0
  • Pages: 264
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • Price: £15.99
  • Published Date: January 2013
  • BIC Category: Humanities / European history, Modern History, History, Gender studies, gender groups, European history, SOCIAL SCIENCE / Women's Studies, SOCIAL SCIENCE / Gender Studies, Society & social sciences / Gender studies: women


Drawing on a unique body of oral history interviews, archival material and published sources, this book shows how women's participation in radical Basque nationalism has changed from the founding of ETA in 1959 to the present. It analyses several aspects of women's nationalist activism: collaboration and direct activism in ETA, cultural movements, motherhood, prison and feminism. By focusing on gender politics Women and ETA offers new perspectives on the history of ETA, including recruitment, the militarization of radical Basque nationalism, and the role of the media in shaping popular understandings of 'terrorism'. These arguments are directly relevant to the study of women in other insurgence and terrorist movements.

The book will be of interest to scholars and students of history, Hispanic studies, gender studies, anthropology and politics, as well as to journalists and readers interested in women's participation in contemporary conflicts and terrorist movements.


Introduction: Gender, nationalism and memory
1 Growing up nationalist
2 Gendering the roots of radical nationalism
3 Nationalism goes public
4 Constructing the male warrior and the homefront heroine
5 From the domestic front to armed struggle
6 The final front: arrest and prison
7 Nationalism and feminism
8 Women and the Basque conflict in the new millennium
Appendix 1: Interviews
Appendix 2: Women in ETA
Select bibliography


Carrie Hamilton is Reader in Spanish at Roehampton University, London

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