- Format: eBook
- ISBN: 978-1-5261-0112-9
- Publisher: Manchester University Press
- Published Date: September 2016
- BIC Category: Modern History, History, Social & cultural history, HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century, HISTORY / Europe / France, HISTORY / General, Humanities / Social & cultural history
- Series: Studies in Modern French and Francophone History
Terror and terroir investigates the Comité Régional d'Action Viticole (CRAV), a loose affiliation of militant winegrowers in the sun-drenched, southern vineyards of the Languedoc. Since 1961, they have fought to protect their livelihood. They were responsible for sabotage, bombings, hijackings and even the shooting of a policeman. Against the backdrop of European integration and decolonisation they have rallied around banners of Resistance and their strong Republican heritage, whilst their peasant protests fed into Occitan and anti-globalisation movements.
At heart, however, the CRAV remain farmers championing the right of people to live and work the land. Between the romantic mythology of terroir, and the misguided, passionate violence of terror, this book unpicks the contentious issues of regionalism, protest and violence. It offers an insight into a neglected area of France's past that continues to impinge on its future, infused with one of the most potent symbols of French culture: wine.
'This volume provides a highly original and welcome contribution to the burgeoning literature devoted to the concept of terroir across the disciplines, spanning history, geography and anthropology [.] It will become a must read in the literature on terroir.'
Marion Demossier, University of Southampton, H-France Review, Volume 18 (2018), No. 74
Introduction: from tradition to terrorism
1. Memories of protests past: the Grand Revolt of 1907
2. Peasants and paroxysms: building a movement (1944-60)
3. Molotovs in the Minervois: revolution in the vines (1961-76)
4. Crossing the streams: the confluence of Oc and vine
5. Montredon to Mitterrand: socialism, syndicalism and the south (1976-84)
6. Burial or resurrection? Modernisation and marginalisation (1984-92)
7. A world of wine: European integration and globalisation
Conclusion: CRAV BOUM! Change and continuity in the role of the CRAV
Andrew Smith is Senior Lecturer in Contemporary History and Politics at the University of Chichester