- Format: Hardcover
- ISBN: 978-1-5261-2343-5
- Pages: 288
- Price: £85.00
- Published Date: November 2020
- Series: Critical Theory and Contemporary Society
Populism is a powerful force today, but its full scope has eluded the analytical tools of both orthodox and heterodox 'populism studies'. This book provides a valuable alternative perspective. It reconstructs in detail for the first time the sociological analyses of US demagogues by members of the Frankfurt School and compares these with contemporary approaches. Modern demagogy emerges as a key under-researched feature of populism, since populist movements, whether 'left' or 'right', are highly susceptible to 'demagogic capture'. The book also details the culture industry's populist contradictions - including its role as an incubator of modern demagogues - from the 1930s through to today's social media and 'Trumpian psychotechnics'. Featuring a previously unpublished text by Adorno on modern demagogy as an appendix, it will be of interest to researchers and students in critical theory, sociology, politics, German studies, philosophy and history of ideas, as well as all those concerned about the rise of demagogic populism today.
'Ranging widely across the different intellectual contexts in which questions of populism and demagoguery have been debated since mid-century, Jones puts the critical theorists' work into fruitful conversation with fascinating interlocutors from David Riesman to Raymond Williams, from Gramsci to Laclau. He carefully elaborates his concepts and then tracks their nuances across political science, media and cultural studies, into the very fabric of the culture industry. This tour de force reveals untapped riches of critical theory for understanding not just an earlier historical moment but indeed the present resurgence of right-wing populism as well.'
Johannes von Moltke, Professor of German and Film, Media and Television, University of Michigan
'As a piece of intellectual history reconstructing the development of critical theory's engagement with the study of demagogic populism, this is superb. Its deep understanding of the history closely informs and enables its critical work on the varieties of theoretical responses to populism.'
David Owen, Professor of Social and Political Philosophy, University of Southampton
'The electoral success of Giorgia Meloni's Brothers of Italy proves that activists with neo-fascist roots can come in from the margins to displace 'mainstream' politicians. The current moment in the (dis) United Kingdom's ongoing 'great moving right show' illustrates that long established parties can be reshaped around ever-more regressive policies. [Jones] direct(s) us to what are therefore urgent problems: what explains the attractions of authoritarian reaction? How do we act through our politics, social movements and cultural interventions to effectively counter the right and advance a progressive agenda? Jones [and Morelock] provide rich evidence that the concerns and arguments which Horkheimer, Adorno, Löwenthal and their colleagues developed seventy years ago and more can offer starting points to meet key challenges of our time.'
Mike Makin-Waite, Radical Philosophy 213, October 2022
Part I: Critically theorising demagogic populism
1 Introduction: from orthodox 'populism studies' to critical theory
2 The Institute's analysis of 'modern demagogy'
3 Expanding the reach of the Institute's analysis
4 Gramscian analyses of fascism and populism: Poulantzas, Laclau, Hall
5 Towards a synthesis of critical perspectives
Part II: Populist contradictions of the culture industry
6 Cultural populisms and culture industry
7 Counter-demagogic popular art: towards a selective tradition
Excursus: an outline of Trumpian psychotechnics
8 Structural transformations of demagogic populism
Appendix: Theodore Adorno, Introduction to Prophets of Deceit
Paul K. Jones is Reader in Sociology in the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University