- Format: Hardcover
- ISBN: 978-1-5261-2528-6
- Pages: 272
- Publisher: Manchester University Press
- Price: £85.00
- Published Date: January 2019
- BIC Category: Social & cultural history, Social discrimination & equal treatment, Pressure groups & protest movements, Police & security services, History, Modern History, Sociology, Ethnic minorities & multicultural studies, c 1980 to c 1989, POLITICAL SCIENCE / Civil Rights, SOCIAL SCIENCE / Discrimination & Race Relations, HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain / 20th Century, Society & social sciences / Politics & government, Society & social sciences / Political activism, Humanities / Social & cultural history
- Series: Racism, Resistance and Social Change
This powerful and original book locates the anti-police violence that spread across England in 1980-1 within a longer struggle against racism and disadvantage faced by black Britons, which had seen a growth in more militant forms of resistance since the Second World War. It explains these disturbances as 'collective bargaining by riot' - attempts to increase political inclusion by this marginalised group. Through case studies of Bristol, Brixton and Manchester, the book explores the actions of community organisations in the aftermath of disorders. Highlighting the political activities of black Britons and the often-problematic reliance upon 'official' sources when forming historical narratives, it demonstrates the contested value awarded to public inquiries - contrastingly viewed by black Britons as either a method for increased political participation or simply a governmental diversionary tactic.
'Overall, this book enlivens, reinterprets, and repurposes previous analyses of both black history and protest studies, bringing them into clearer focus. As a national study, it retains (primarily) a state-orientated focus, while using urban case studies to illuminate certain problems, with the Manchester and Liverpool case studies of greatest interest for Transactions readers. Peplow makes a convincing case in how we examine historic protest linked with race and ethnicity, and his approach can inform future studies, offering a natural continuation to Peter Shapely's recent Deprivation, State Interventions and Urban Communities in Britain (Routledge 2018), which itself ends before the riot build-up Peplow covers after 1979.'
Dr Marc Collinson, Bangor University, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol. 168, 2019
'An engaging, deeply researched and accessible contribution to the field - an excellent introduction to both the disorders of 1980-1981 and the processes and limitations of public inquiries. If it does not quite live up to the breadth signalled in the title, this is only an indication of the extent of research remaining to be performed in what is now a particularly timely area. For those wishing to carry out such research, or indeed involved in the types of struggle that form its subject, this book is an excellent place at which to begin.'
1 Resistance to rebellion
2 'No other way to make their points of view known'? St Pauls, Bristol, 2 April 1980
3 Lacking conviction: inquiries and trials after Bristol
4 Escalation: Brixton, 10-12 April 1981
5 'The Brixton Defence Campaign says boycott the Scarman Inquiry'
6 A 'conspicuous success'? Policing Liverpool and Manchester in July 1981
7 'Who the hell's defending if they're going to walk out of here?' The Moss Side Defence Committee
Epilogue: 'Turning point' or 'opportunity lost'? The legacy of 1980-1
Simon Peplow is a Senior Teaching Fellow in Twentieth Century British History at the University of Warwick