Beyond the Happening

Performance art and the politics of communication

By Catherine Spencer

Beyond the Happening


  • eBook

Book Information

  • Format: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 978-1-5261-4445-4
  • Pages: 296
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • Price: £80.00
  • Published Date: June 2020
  • BIC Category: The arts / Theory of art, The arts / Performance art, United States of America, USA, Theory of art, The arts / Art & design styles: from c 1960, Performance art, Later 20th century c 1950 to c 1999, ART / American / General, ART / History / Contemporary (1945-), ART / Performance
  • Series: Rethinking Art's Histories


Beyond the Happening uncovers the heterogeneous, uniquely interdisciplinary performance-based works that emerged in the aftermath of the early Happenings. By the mid-1960s Happenings were widely declared outmoded or even 'dead', but this book reveals how many practitioners continued to work with the form during the late 1960s and 1970s, developing it into a vehicle for studying interpersonal communication that simultaneously deployed and questioned contemporary sociology and psychology. Focussing on the artists Allan Kaprow, Marta Minujín, Carolee Schneemann and Lea Lublin, it charts how they revised and retooled the premises of the Happening within a wider network of dynamic international activity. The resulting performances directly intervened in the wider discourse of communication studies, as it manifested in the politics of countercultural dropout, soft power and cultural diplomacy, alternative pedagogies, sociological art and feminist consciousness-raising.


Introduction: Communication studies
1 Allan Kaprow's lesson plans
2 Marta Minujín's sociability experiments
3 Carolee Schneemann's group work
4 Lea Lublin's exercises in denaturalisation
Conclusion: Breaching experiments and social bodies


Catherine Spencer is Lecturer in Art History at the University of St Andrews

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