- Format: eBook
- ISBN: 978-1-5261-4688-5
- Publisher: Manchester University Press
- Published Date: June 2021
- BIC Category: Cultural Studies, Environmentally-Friendly Architecture & Design, The arts / History of architecture, ARCHITECTURE / History / General, ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning, SOCIAL SCIENCE / Human Geography, Urban Communities, Earth sciences, geography, environment, planning / Urban & municipal planning
- Series: Manchester University Press
Why do we live in homes and communities built around the century-old industrial model of large service networks that use polluting resources? For more than a century, creative architects and planners have dreamed of decentralisation and self-sufficient living, not to cut themselves off from society, but to invent new modes of consumption and to rethink collective public services around common environmental values.
In a time of climate crisis, changing society means changing energy infrastructures. Dreams of disconnection tells the story of this strand of design and planning, from its pioneers in the late nineteenth century to those applying similar ideas to tomorrow's technology two hundred years later. Lopez takes in many a utopian visionary in her tour of dreamers of disconnection, from theorists and architects to industrialists and engineers. Technology and design are the centrepieces for these projects, and their complexity, particularly around sustainable supplies of energy, food and water, so often find solutions in aesthetics.
Whether these models were based around single homes or whole cities, Dreams of disconnection reveals that there is much to be learnt and marvelled at in the history of self-sufficient design.
'This is an extensively researched, intellectually challenging and presciently topical study of the largely unexplored world of energy independence. Drawing from a wide range of examples, including theorists, architects, industrialists and engineers, Fanny Lopez has provided us with a comprehensive morality tale for our rapidly changing times. What began as a prophecy when she first started writing it has now materialised as her dreams of disconnection have become a reality. An indispensable guide to help us make sense of the turbulence surrounding us today.'
James Steele, ACSA Distinguished Professor and Professor Emeritus at the University of Southern California, University of Southern California and author of Ecological Architecture: A Critical History
Part I: Connection versus disconnection
1 Capturing territories through energy distribution
2 Being disconnected: genesis of a new technical utopia
3 Toward energy emancipation
Part II: The energy autonomy movement, 1970-80
4 Counterculture radicalism
5 Alexander Pike and the Autonomous Housing Project, 1971-79
6 The self-sufficient city
7 Critical technology: a problematic development
8 Electricity micro-networks: a tool for the energy transition?
Fanny Lopez is Associate Professor of the History of Architecture and Technology at the School of Architecture Paris-Est, University Gustave Eiffel