Internal exile in Fascist Italy

History and representations of confino

By Piero Garofalo, Elizabeth Leake and Dana Renga

Internal exile in Fascist Italy


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Book Information

  • Format: Paperback
  • ISBN: 978-1-5261-6387-5
  • Pages: 232
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • Price: £25.00
  • Published Date: June 2022
  • BIC Category: Society & social sciences / Political ideologies, Italy, Society & social sciences / Politics & government, Modern History, History, Politics, Politics & government, Sentencing & punishment, Italy: post First World War period & Fascism (1918–1943), POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Ideologies / Fascism & Totalitarianism, HISTORY / Europe / Italy, POLITICAL SCIENCE / General


This study offers a clear, concise introduction to the Fascist-era practice, know as confino, of exiling antifascist dissidents to parts of Italy far from the dissidents' homes, often on islands or in tiny inland villages. The book is organised in two sections. Part one provides a case study of the political colony on the island of Lipari and a historical overview of internal exile. Part two focuses on representations of confinement in literature and film. It examines the varieties of self-expression (e.g. memoirs, letters and literature) used by prisoners to describe their experiences, investigates how filmmakers interpret these events, places and people, and explores how film portrays the repression of homosexuality. A timely examination of the birthplace of European federalism, the book also contributes to our understanding of the legacy of confinement from both national and European perspectives.


Part I: Context and history of internal exile
1 The Lipari Colony: paradiso/inferno
2 Confino in historical perspective
Part II: Representations of internal exile in literature and film
3 Writing internal exile
4 Screening internal exile
5 Queering internal exile on Italian screens
Select bibliography


Piero Garofalo is Professor of Italian Studies at the University of New Hampshire

Elizabeth Leake is Professor of Italian at Columbia University

Dana Renga is Associate Professor of Italian at The Ohio State University

Internal exile in Fascist Italy

By Piero Garofalo, Elizabeth Leake, Dana Renga

Paperback £25.00 / $36.95

Hardcover £85.00 / $130.00

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